How do we want to feed people? What kinds of food should we produce, and which factors should we consider when deciding how to go about doing so? Agricultural systems are complex entities involving techniques and processes and inputs and outputs, but they’re also a reflection of preferences and values.

The predominant industrial agricultural system has evolved to produce a remarkable volume of food at historically low prices—but it does so while depleting scarce natural resources, generating hazardous pollutants, threatening human health, and compromising animal welfare, among other environmental and social costs.

Food systems experts now advocate a shift toward regenerative agriculture, prioritizing biodiversity, soil restoration, nutrient cycling, and the protection and preservation of scarce natural resources.

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