Feeding the planet. Feeding the planet. Feeding the planet. That’s the mantra that kicked off the Green Revolution, also known as third agricultural revolution. Approximately started in the 50s, the Green Revolution is the worldwide process of industrialization of agriculture achieved by the use of monocropping techniques, artificial fertilizers, pesticides, and high-yield crop varieties obtained by genetic modification of traditional crops. This really was a revolution: it dramatically increased the food production all over the world, bringing countries like India to multiply by 7 its wheat production. We can say that we now can feed the planet.
But this revolution didn’t occur without victims. This kind of agriculture is extremely costly, it heavily depends on non-renewable energy resources, it has a huge impact in greenhouse gases emissions and leads to soil depauperment and water poisoning. The biggest paradox of Green Revolution is that it has been possible because of the huge agro-biodiversity that the scientists could access and now is leading to the loss of it. A patricide.
The increasing threats of crop failures, climate change and nutrient collapse is leading the world to rethink its was to produce food. The practices of Green Revolution served well in the past but it’s time to unplug them for a new, more environmentally friendly, diversity based Green Revolution.