Tillage and No-Till Systems
Tillage Systems Descriptions
There are a variety of tillage systems available for crop production. While tillage operations are performed for various reasons, producers must evaluate the need for each and every field operation conducted in order to improve profitability. In addition, the effects of the tillage operations on the soil system and the environment must be considered.
Soil & Water Management: Tillage Concepts
Tillage of the soil has been used to prepare a seedbed, kill weeds, incorporate nutrients, and manage crop residues. The goal of the tillage system has been to provide a proper environment for seed germination and root growth for crop production.
Throughout the years, tillage systems have changed as new technologies have become available and the costs of fuel and labor increased. With adoption of reduced tillage systems, many producers are realizing the negative effects of tillage as they see the soil and water conservation benefits of leaving the residue on the soil surface. No-till crop production systems leave the most residue and often prove to be the most profitable methods of crop production.